Bird Diseases
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Alternative Veterinary Medicine Centre

Holistic Vet - Homeopathic Vet - Acupuncture Vet - Herbal Vet

Diseases of Birds

Building this page is an ongoing work.


Eagle Owl

 

Here we describe various bird diseases (avian diseases), with reference to acupuncture, herbal treatment, homeopathic treatment, chiropractic manipulation etc., where appropriate. We invite and accept referrals for complementary and alternative medicine treatments.

see also: Bird Cases

return to bird main page: Birds

Bird Disease List

 
Abscesses Air Sac Disease Aspergillosis Avian Influenza Beak and Claw Deformities
Beak and Feather Disease - PBFD Bird Flu Bumble Foot Candidiasis Chlamydia
Diarrhoea E coli Egg-Binding Feather-Pecking Influenza
Mites - Scaly Leg PDD Pining Psittacosis Salmonellosis
Shock Sinusitis Stress Tumours - Cancer Viral Diseases

 



 

ABSCESSES

This section is in preparation. We have a policy of ongoing improvement, augmentation and updating, so that our website is constantly changing. We hope you have enjoyed what you have seen so far and found it helpful, so that you will revisit us soon, to see the latest developments. Put the home page in your 'bookmarks'/'favourites', for ease of revisiting.

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Copyright © AVMC November 2002

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AIR SAC DISEASE

This section is in preparation. We have a policy of ongoing improvement, augmentation and updating, so that our website is constantly changing. We hope you have enjoyed what you have seen so far and found it helpful, so that you will revisit us soon, to see the latest developments. Put the home page in your 'bookmarks'/'favourites', for ease of revisiting.

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Copyright © AVMC November 2002

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ASPERGILLOSIS

This section is in preparation. We have a policy of ongoing improvement, augmentation and updating, so that our website is constantly changing. We hope you have enjoyed what you have seen so far and found it helpful, so that you will revisit us soon, to see the latest developments. Put the home page in your 'bookmarks'/'favourites', for ease of revisiting.

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Copyright © AVMC November 2002

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AVIAN INFLUENZA (BIRD FLU)

This is the topic of a .pdf document (click).

The AVMC has offered DEFRA any help it requires (free of charge), regarding clinical research, treatment and prevention of avian influenza with homeopathy. As yet, this offer has not been taken up. Homeopathy should have a lot to offer.

Copyright © AVMC November 2002

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BEAK AND CLAW DEFORMITIES

This section is in preparation. We have a policy of ongoing improvement, augmentation and updating, so that our website is constantly changing. We hope you have enjoyed what you have seen so far and found it helpful, so that you will revisit us soon, to see the latest developments. Put the home page in your 'bookmarks'/'favourites', for ease of revisiting.

Why not take a few moments to send us your comments and feedback, along with requests for new pages, to let us know what we have done well and to help our policy of constant improvement?

Thank you for spending some time with us.
Best wishes from the webmaster and team.

Copyright © AVMC November 2002

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BEAK AND FEATHER DISEASE - PBFD

Psittacine Beak & Feather Disease (PBFD)

We have seen several cases of this disease, at the AVMC. It is a viral disease, attacking the bird’s immune system and the beak and feather forming cells.

Although there are records of birds of South American descent having recovered spontaneously, it is usually considered ultimately to be fatal.

Using homeopathy, however, prescribed on an individual patient basis, the cases we have seen have recovered. Numbers are too small to draw firm conclusions but it looks hopeful that homeopathy may be able to deal with this worrying condition.

It is therefore recommended, should your bird be diagnosed with this condition, that you should consult a veterinarian who has homeopathic experience of the disease.

Copyright  © AVMC August 2002

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BUMBLE FOOT

What is it?

It is a chronic infection of the foot, usually with a type of Staphylococcus bacterium, often involving the joints and toe-nail beds. It is very painful and debilitating and can, in extreme cases, result in loss of the foot.

How does it arise?

It probably comes about as a result of injury to the lower aspect of the foot, possibly from a sharp or abrasive object or from the unsuitable perching facilities (in bird parks). It is rare in birds who have complete freedom.

Can it be cured?

It is very non-responsive, either to antibiotics or surgery. Long-term antibiotics are generally not well tolerated by birds, anyway. This means that the ‘conventional’ prognosis is poor.

In natural medicine, we have the powerful stimulus of homeopathy, working through the bird’s own immune system, that can bring about resolution of this refractory and distressing problem. We are therefore quite optimistic about any patient presented with this problem, although still very respectful of the deeply invasive and stubborn nature of the disease.

Copyright © AVMC August 2002

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CANDIDIASIS

This section is in preparation. We have a policy of ongoing improvement, augmentation and updating, so that our website is constantly changing. We hope you have enjoyed what you have seen so far and found it helpful, so that you will revisit us soon, to see the latest developments. Put the home page in your 'bookmarks'/'favourites', for ease of revisiting.

Why not take a few moments to send us your comments and feedback, along with requests for new pages, to let us know what we have done well and to help our policy of constant improvement?

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Best wishes from the webmaster and team.

Copyright © AVMC November 2002

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CHLAMYDIA

What is it?

The disease (Chlamydiosis) is a ‘zoonosis’. In other words, it is transmissible to humans. This mostly occurs when there is a lot of infected dust in an enclosed atmosphere. It also occurs in Enzootic Abortion in sheep and represents an especial risk to pregnant women.

It is quite prevalent in birds and usually results in respiratory disease. The infective agent is Chlamydia psittaci. The disease used to be known as Ornithosis or Psittacosis, since it was mostly seen in psittacine birds (parrots etc.).

Can it be treated?

Bearing in mind the possible hazard to human health, treatment of any ill or infected bird should be in a well-ventilated area.

Antibiotics, such as tetracyclines, can be effective, as long as the bird’s immune system is able to finish the job. Antibiotics can, however, have a deleterious effect on the bird’s digestive system and can be debilitating.

Constitutional and specific homeopathic prescribing can usually stimulate the immune system to fight off the infection, with or without antibiotics. This method has the advantage of no side-effects or debilitating effect on the bird(s).

Copyright © AVMC August 2002

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DIARRHOEA

This section is in preparation. We have a policy of ongoing improvement, augmentation and updating, so that our website is constantly changing. We hope you have enjoyed what you have seen so far and found it helpful, so that you will revisit us soon, to see the latest developments. Put the home page in your 'bookmarks'/'favourites', for ease of revisiting.

Why not take a few moments to send us your comments and feedback, along with requests for new pages, to let us know what we have done well and to help our policy of constant improvement?

Thank you for spending some time with us.
Best wishes from the webmaster and team.

Copyright © AVMC November 2002

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E. COLI

This section is in preparation. We have a policy of ongoing improvement, augmentation and updating, so that our website is constantly changing. We hope you have enjoyed what you have seen so far and found it helpful, so that you will revisit us soon, to see the latest developments. Put the home page in your 'bookmarks'/'favourites', for ease of revisiting.

Why not take a few moments to send us your comments and feedback, along with requests for new pages, to let us know what we have done well and to help our policy of constant improvement?

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Copyright © AVMC November 2002

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EGG-BINDING

This section is in preparation. We have a policy of ongoing improvement, augmentation and updating, so that our website is constantly changing. We hope you have enjoyed what you have seen so far and found it helpful, so that you will revisit us soon, to see the latest developments. Put the home page in your 'bookmarks'/'favourites', for ease of revisiting.

Why not take a few moments to send us your comments and feedback, along with requests for new pages, to let us know what we have done well and to help our policy of constant improvement?

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Copyright © AVMC November 2002

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FEATHER-PECKING

It is very distressful to bird and human alike, when feather pecking occurs. A bird can remove every feather from its body, in extreme cases, and can draw blood.

This condition can occur as a result of stress and emotional upset, climatic factors, dietary problems and boredom. An enriched environment and the ability to carry out species-specific social behaviour patterns is a good preventive.

There is a specific condition, Beak & Feather Disease, which is described separately but whose symptoms can overlap.

Fortunately, homeopathy can usually control or even cure this troublesome condition. There are some very stubborn cases, that appear refractory to treatment, but I fear that failure may be down to ‘prescriber error’ on my part, in those cases.

Some of the remedies that have proved useful in past cases, depending upon the individual bird, are: Alumina, Arsenicum, Bacillinum, Carcinosin, Graphites, Ignatia, Iodum, Lachesis, Psorinum, Pulsatilla, Sepia, Staphisagria, Stramonium and Sulphur.

Copyright © AVMC August 2002

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MITES

This section is in preparation. We have a policy of ongoing improvement, augmentation and updating, so that our website is constantly changing. We hope you have enjoyed what you have seen so far and found it helpful, so that you will revisit us soon, to see the latest developments. Put the home page in your 'bookmarks'/'favourites', for ease of revisiting.

Why not take a few moments to send us your comments and feedback, along with requests for new pages, to let us know what we have done well and to help our policy of constant improvement?

Thank you for spending some time with us.
Best wishes from the webmaster and team.

Copyright © AVMC November 2002

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PDD - PROVENTRICULAR DILATATION DISEASE

The term Proventricular Dilatation Disease (PDD) has been coined to describe an inflammatory disease of the visceral nervous system of birds. It has mostly been seen in North America and Europe and mostly but not exclusively in psittacines.  It is characterised by the accumulation of lymphocytes and plasma cells, especially in the nerves that supply the muscles of proventriculus, crop, ventriculus and small intestine. Clinical signs include depression, weight loss, regurgitation and there may be passage of undigested seeds in the faeces. The central nervous system can be affected, variously giving rise to ataxia, abnormal head movements, seizures and proprioceptive or motor deficits, in affected birds.

The cause of the disease is uncertain, with autoimmune and viral causes being mooted. The prognosis is not good. We have not had to attend such a bird at the AVMC but we would be very willing to offer advice on possible homeopathic input, for anyone who has the misfortune to encounter the problem.

Copyright © AVMC - August 2007

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PINING

This section is in preparation. We have a policy of ongoing improvement, augmentation and updating, so that our website is constantly changing. We hope you have enjoyed what you have seen so far and found it helpful, so that you will revisit us soon, to see the latest developments. Put the home page in your 'bookmarks'/'favourites', for ease of revisiting.

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Copyright © AVMC November 2002

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PSITTACOSIS


See Chlamydia

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SALMONELLOSIS

This section is in preparation. We have a policy of ongoing improvement, augmentation and updating, so that our website is constantly changing. We hope you have enjoyed what you have seen so far and found it helpful, so that you will revisit us soon, to see the latest developments. Put the home page in your 'bookmarks'/'favourites', for ease of revisiting.

Why not take a few moments to send us your comments and feedback, along with requests for new pages, to let us know what we have done well and to help our policy of constant improvement?

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Copyright © AVMC November 2002

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SHOCK

Birds are extremely sensitive creatures, requiring a peaceful existence for comfort. Handling and disturbance can be very stressful. Climatic stress can also play a part, if housing and environment are not ideal.

It is important to avoid threats from cats or other predators. Although a cage may afford physical protection, the primaeval fear of a threatening predator is a very stressful stimulus.

Moving house, flooding, fire and other disturbances are stressful to humans. Birds will feel such things even more, especially since their ability to follow their instinct to fly is curtailed. A visit to the vet can be a frightening experience. Birds can go into shock, during or after such crises.

Homeopathic remedies such as Gelsemium, Aconitum, Argentum nitricum, Scutellaria and Passiflora are valuable aids in settling stress. Aconitum is very effective in alleviating the extreme effects of shock and reviving the bird.

Bach’s Flower remedies are useful in birds. Rescue Remedy is a time-honoured therapy for stress and shock. Vervain is helpful when there is great nervous tension.

Aromatherapy can be used in birds. Lavender is very calmative.

Copyright © AVMC August 2002

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SINUSITIS

This section is in preparation. We have a policy of ongoing improvement, augmentation and updating, so that our website is constantly changing. We hope you have enjoyed what you have seen so far and found it helpful, so that you will revisit us soon, to see the latest developments. Put the home page in your 'bookmarks'/'favourites', for ease of revisiting.

Why not take a few moments to send us your comments and feedback, along with requests for new pages, to let us know what we have done well and to help our policy of constant improvement?

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Copyright © AVMC November 2002

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STRESS


See Shock

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TUMOURS

This section is in preparation. We have a policy of ongoing improvement, augmentation and updating, so that our website is constantly changing. We hope you have enjoyed what you have seen so far and found it helpful, so that you will revisit us soon, to see the latest developments. Put the home page in your 'bookmarks'/'favourites', for ease of revisiting.

Why not take a few moments to send us your comments and feedback, along with requests for new pages, to let us know what we have done well and to help our policy of constant improvement?

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Copyright © AVMC November 2002

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VIRAL DISEASES

This section is in preparation. We have a policy of ongoing improvement, augmentation and updating, so that our website is constantly changing. We hope you have enjoyed what you have seen so far and found it helpful, so that you will revisit us soon, to see the latest developments. Put the home page in your 'bookmarks'/'favourites', for ease of revisiting.

Why not take a few moments to send us your comments and feedback, along with requests for new pages, to let us know what we have done well and to help our policy of constant improvement?

Thank you for spending some time with us.
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Copyright © AVMC November 2002

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