Wild Animal Diseases

Diseases of Wild Animal and Wild Birds

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Diseases of Wildlife

Here we describe various wild animal diseases and wild bird diseases, with reference to acupuncture, herbal treatment, homeopathic treatment, chiropractic manipulation etc., where appropriate. We accept referrals of wild animals for specialist alternative medicine care.

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Wild Animal Disease List

Air Sac DiseaseAspergillosisAvian InfluenzaBird Flu
BluetongueBumble FootChlamydia (Birds & Koalas)Diarrhoea
DistemperFoot & Mouth DiseaseInfluenzaInjury – Injuries
Phocine Distemper (PDV)PiningPneumoniaPsittacosis
RingwormSalmonellosis – SalmonellaShockSinusitis
Squirrel PoxStressWhite-nose Syndrome

AIR SAC DISEASE

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ASPERGILLOSIS

Homeopathy can usually help with aspergillosis.

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AVIAN INFLUENZA – BIRD FLU

Avian influenza (bird flu) is the topic of a .pdf document (click).

The AVMC has offered DEFRA any help it requires (free of charge), regarding clinical research, treatment and prevention of avian influenza with homeopathy. As yet, this offer has not been taken up. Homeopathy should have a lot to offer.


BLUETONGUE

 

 

Bluetongue is a notifiable disease of ruminants and therefore of wild deer. It came to the UK in September 2007, possibly as a result of climate change. It is a viral disease borne by midges. Sheep are the most susceptible and can die of the disease.

The disease signs that typify this condition suggest that it should be responsive to homeopathy (homeopathic treatment) and to homeopathic preventive methods (homeoprophylaxis). However, as this is a notifiable disease, if the AVMC were to treat cases we would need specific permission from DEFRA.


BUMBLE FOOT

What is it?

Bumble foot (bumblefoot) is a chronic infection of the foot, usually with a type of Staphylococcus bacterium, often involving the joints and toe-nail beds. It is very painful and debilitating and can, in extreme cases, result in loss of the foot.

How does it arise?

Bumble foot probably comes about as a result of injury to the lower aspect of the foot, possibly from a sharp or abrasive object or from the unsuitable perching facilities (in bird parks). It is rare in birds who have complete freedom.

Can it be cured?

Bumble foot is very non-responsive, either to antibiotics or surgery. Long-term antibiotics are generally not well tolerated by birds, anyway. This means that the ‘conventional’ prognosis is poor.

In natural medicine, we have the powerful stimulus of homeopathy, working through the bird’s own immune system, that can bring about resolution of this refractory and distressing problem. We are therefore quite optimistic about any patient presented with this problem, although still very respectful of the deeply invasive and stubborn nature of the disease.


CHLAMYDIA

What is it?

The disease (Chlamydiosis) is a ‘zoonosis’. In other words, it is transmissible to humans. This mostly occurs when there is a lot of infected dust in an enclosed atmosphere. It also occurs in Enzootic Abortion in sheep and represents an especial risk to pregnant women.

Chlamydiosis is quite prevalent in birds and usually results in respiratory disease. The infective agent is Chlamydia psittaci. The disease used to be known as Ornithosis or Psittacosis, since it was mostly seen in psittacine birds (parrots etc.). Chlamydia is also found in Koala bears (Phascolarctos cinereus), in Australia, as a venereal infection which is threatening the viability of the species (Chlamydia psittaci, Chlamydia pecorum and Chlamydia pneumoniae).

Can it be treated?

Bearing in mind the possible hazard to human health, treatment of any ill or infected bird should be in a well-ventilated area.

Antibiotics, such as tetracyclines, can be effective, as long as the bird’s immune system is able to finish the job. Antibiotics can, however, have a deleterious effect on the bird’s digestive system and can be debilitating.

Constitutional and specific homeopathic (homeopathy) prescribing can usually stimulate the immune system to fight off the infection, with or without antibiotics. This method has the advantage of no side-effects or debilitating effect on the bird(s).

The AVMC has offered help for Koalas, free of charge, to the relevant authorities. The help offered was in both treatment and clinical research. Sadly, the offer has been ignored.


DIARRHOEA

Homeopathy is usually a successful line of therapy.

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DISTEMPER

 

 

Distemper virus affects dogs and ferrets. Presumably wild ferret relatives (e.g. stoat, otter, polecat, weasel and badger) and the wild fox population are also susceptible. A type of distemper virus (PDV) also affects Harbour Seals (Phoca vitulina) in the North Sea. The AVMC has offered help (free of charge) when there was an epizootic (animal equivalent of epidemic) among seals, causing a massive death toll. This offer was ignored.

The disease should be manageable with homeopathic prescribing (homeopathy), in the early stages and should also be amenable to prevention by homeopathic (homeoprophylactic) methodology.


FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE – FMD

Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a notifiable disease and, therefore, the AVMC does not provide treatment or prevention for FMD, unless special dispensation were to be offered by DEFRA. In the 2001 outbreak, the AVMC offered MAFF research, treatment and prevention help, free of charge. This involved telephone calls and faxes on an almost daily basis. All were ignored.

Homeopathy should be beneficial in both treatment and prevention.

In the case of wild animals, there is a serious risk of deer etc. becoming a ‘wild reservoir’ for the disease.

We have a dedicated page for this disease (click), updated December 2007.


INFLUENZA

See ‘Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)


INJURY- INJURIES

 

 

It is not uncommon for a vet to have to treat injured wild animals. Their sensitivity to drugs and to handling makes this a difficult and challenging task. Using homeopathy, however, the body’s powerful natural healing ability can be stimulated, without risk of toxicity or side-effects. This makes it an invaluable therapy for use in wild animals.

The availability of homeopathy, in chemists and health shops up and down the country, puts homeopathy in reach of every member of the public. It is therefore possible, for anyone who finds an injured wild animal, to give some first-aid that may positively affect its ability to survive, pending veterinary examination.

Useful homeopathic medicines are:

Aconitum – This remedy treats shock, both mental and physical. It may also help to alleviate haemorrhage.

Arnica – Arnica is homeopathy’s great injury remedy. Its use will minimise bruising and speed healing, in ANY case of injury. The mental indication for Arnica is ‘fear of being touched’. This makes it doubly applicable for wild species.

Bryonia – Injury to joints, when the animal refuses to move, is a good indication for the use of Bryonia.

Calendula – Used as a lotion, this remedy speeds healing of cuts, grazes or open wounds, in addition to helping the animal to fight septic infection of such injuries.

Carbo veg. – This is called the ‘corpse reviver’, on account of its ability to help patients in collapse. Tiny animals lose heat very quickly, if injured or distressed. It is useful where chilling or injury threaten life.

Euphrasia – Named ‘eyebright’, this remedy helps many eye conditions, including conjunctivitis.

Hamamelis – Bleeding from wounds and orifices would indicate Hamamelis, in many cases.

Hepar sulph. – This is nick-named the ‘homeopathic antibiotic’, so effective it is in helping patients to fight septic, purulent infections.

Hypericum – Use this remedy whenever there is a painful graze or damage to tissues rich in nerve endings (e.g. toes, tail or beak).

Ledum – Use this whenever puncture wounds occur, from whatever injury. There are reputed anti-tetanus properties in addition to its ability to help such wounds heal correctly, from the depths outwards.

Nux vomica – If an animal has stolen too much rich food, or had access to poisons, Nux vomica should help recovery from the resultant intoxication.

Rhus tox. – This suits most cases of muscle or joint injury, that are worse for first movement but limber up.

Ruta – Ligaments, tendons and other fibrous tissues are the main areas of benefit of this remedy.

Silica – Helps the body to drive out foreign bodies, e.g. grass seeds, and chronic infections or abscesses.

Symphytum – Symphytum treats bone injuries of any type, speeding healing.

Bach Flower Rescue Remedy is a time-honoured first-aid treatment for any shock, injury or distress.


PHOCINE DISTEMPER VIRUS (PDV) of HARBOUR SEALS

In 1988, 17,000 harbour seals in and around the North Sea died of this viral infection, apparently acquired from Greenland. In 2002, 18,000 died. It is a particularly virulent infection in Northern European harbour seals (Phoca vitulina), for unknown reasons. The virus is related to those causing Distemper in dogs and ferrets, Rinderpest in cattle and Measles in humans.

This is a disease for which homeopathy should be able to offer great help, both in prevention and in the treatment of affected animals. This optimism is not misguided but is based on parallel situations in other species. Homeopathy also lends itself very well to the practical dosing of large populations of feral animals.

In 2002, the AVMC offered help, free of charge, to the relevant authorities. The help offered was in both treatment and clinical research. Sadly, the offer was turned down.


PINING

Pining is able to cause severe mental and even physical disease. Homeopathy is usually a very helpful therapy for this problem.

This section is in preparation. We have a policy of ongoing improvement, augmentation and updating, so that our website is constantly changing. We hope you have enjoyed what you have seen so far and found it helpful, so that you will revisit us soon, to see the latest developments. Put the home page in your ‘bookmarks’/’favorites’, for ease of revisiting.

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PNEUMONIA

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PSITTACOSIS

See Chlamydia


RINGWORM

Homeopathy is usually very effective in treating ringworm or in preventing its spread among a group of animals, when one or more are infected.

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SALMONELLOSIS

Homeopathy is usually very effective in treating ringworm or in preventing its spread among a group of animals, when one or more are infected.

This section is in preparation. We have a policy of ongoing improvement, augmentation and updating, so that our website is constantly changing. We hope you have enjoyed what you have seen so far and found it helpful, so that you will revisit us soon, to see the latest developments. Put the home page in your ‘bookmarks’/’favorites’, for ease of revisiting.

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SHOCK

 

 

Wild creatures are extremely sensitive. Handling and disturbance can be very stressful.

It is important to avoid threats from cats or other predators. Although a cage may afford physical protection, the primaeval fear of a threatening predator is a very stressful stimulus.

A visit to the vet can be a frightening experience. Wild animals, especially the tiny ones, can go into shock, during or after such crises.

Homeopathic remedies (homeopathy) such as Gelsemium, Aconitum, Argentum nitricum, Scutellaria and Passiflora are valuable aids in settling stress. Aconitum is very effective in alleviating the extreme effects of shock and reviving the animal.

Bach Flower remedies are useful in these creatures. Rescue Remedy is a time-honoured therapy for stress and shock. Vervain is helpful when there is great nervous tension.

Aromatherapy can be used. Lavender is very calmative.


SINUSITIS

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SQUIRREL POX

Homeopathy ought to be able to help with this condition, in an ill animal. It ought also to be able to prevent spread of the disease among a susceptible population (homeoprophylaxis). The challenge would be to find a practical and reliable way of dosing such wild creatures. Nevertheless, the AVMC is willing to offer free-of-charge help with treatment or prevention, to involved parties.

This is a copy of our blog (taken from Chris D’s old Blog) on the subject:

Thursday, December 20

Red Squirrel under virus threat

by Chris Day on Thu 20 Dec 2007 06:59 GMT

The Red Squirrel is a declining species in the UK, mainly owing to the spread of the Grey Squirrel. Now there’s a further threat.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/4093856.stm

Squirrel pox is said to have been carried over the border by grey squirrels migrating north from Cumbria.

Red squirrels with the virus will suffer skin ulcers, lesions and scabs, with swelling and discharge around the eyes, mouth, feet and genitals.

Grey squirrels are seldom harmed by the virus, but red squirrels have no immunity and usually die within 15 days.

Scientists say it is the first evidence of squirrel pox virus in southern Scotland and has serious implications for the endangered red squirrel population.”

This is an obvious field for homeopathic medication for prevention (homeoprophylaxis), if a way could be found of administering it reliably.

https://www.alternativevet.org/nosodes.htm

We are willing to discuss this with any interested party and are willing to offer free veterinary treatment to try to prevent the spread of this disease. If successful, such a program would enable the indigenous population to develop resistance / immunity. While it is not a clear relationship, for simplicity of explanation, the methodology could be likened to vaccination.

 


STRESS

See Shock


White-nose Syndrome in Bats (WNS)

This disease is a rapidly-spreading lethal disease of wild bats, mainly found in North America (Canada and USA). It is characterised by a white coating of fungal hyphae over the bat, often starting on the muzzle, hence the name. Little is known about the disease as yet. It is known that it is lethal. It is known that it is rapidly-spreading. It is known that the fungus Geomyces destructans is involved, whether as primary pathogen or as an opportunist secondary infection. No treatment or method of prevention has been devised.

The AVMC is offering help in researching methods of limiting the spread of this devastating disease, using homeopathy, which would be cheap and easy assuming it could be made effective. This initiative is currently only in the discussion phase.